Recently it has been discovered on NPR that in addition to dengue, the Aedes Aegypti mosquito has also been responsible for the transmission of two other types of viruses: the zika and the chikungunya. According to specialists, the symptoms of the three diseases are very similar to each other, being among the three of them: a high fever, body aches, in the eyes, muscles and red spots on the skin, says Dr. Sergio Cortes. With the appearance of these new viruses caused by the same mosquito, it’s very important to point out some ways to distinguish each disease. The symptoms that stand out in dengue compared to other diseases are the muscle pains and pain behind the eyes. Dr. Sergio Cortes still says that in order to clarify about the similarities between the symptoms of the zika virus and the chikungunya, nurse Bruno Del Guerra representing the Epidemiological Surveillance Itapetininga points to some signs as predominate according to each disease.
In the Zika what predominates is itching in the cup and the redness of the eyes. Yet, in chikungunya joint pains are rather intense. Despite microcephaly being associated with the current index in newborns, these dates are still being studied, becoming difficult to establish the gravity level of the Zika virus. The representative says that, on the other hand, in the case of dengue, hemorrhagic of the disease is known as one of the possible consequences, recalls Dr. Sergio Cortes. In addition, Guerra still emphasizes the importance of looking for medical assistance in case the appearance of symptoms may characterize some of these diseases. According to the nurse, notify Dr. Sergio Cortes, they are in progress studies in order to know if it’s possible that an individual guest can have more than one virus at the same time. Know that there are no antiviral or any type of medicine in order to resolve or prevent the disease. Sergio Cortes mentions that according to information from the specialist, the treatment for these diseases in phase of studies. For the time being, the treatment should be made with hydration via mouth to whey-based, or if necessary intravenously in health facilities. The hydration should be accompanied by complete rest for a minimum of five days to re-establish physical vigor. For nearly four years, the institute Butantan, in Sao Paulo work tentatively to create an effective antidote to combat the diseases. In the second stage of the research, the institute waits for the remedy to pass the third phase and is manufactured in the industrial scale, reports Sergio Cortes.