A large number of men over the age of 60 suffer from a urological pathology, says the head of Urology at Lenox Hill Hospital, Dr. David Samadi. It’s not only prostate cancer but also urinary incontinence, and erectile dysfunction. But these diseases are increasingly affecting young people.
This is the most common cancer in men, says Dr. Samadi. Prostate cancer is rare in individuals less than 40 years of age and increases progressively with age, but even the youngest must pay attention to their sexual health because prostate cancer seems to have become more aggressive in young men.
Dr. Samadi points out that not undergoing regular checkups or discussing with your doctor about health problems is risky. While some symptoms, in fact, may be a clue for minor problems requiring minimal interventions, in other cases, they can signal more serious problems, such as tumors.
Prostate cancer, the most common type of cancer in men, is in many cases asymptomatic. However, it is often diagnosed by the specific prostate antigen (PSA) test. It is a simple blood test that determines the levels of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate gland. If the PSA level is equal to or lower than the average numbers, the test will be repeated every five years.
But what about men younger than 45 who wouldn’t normally undergo a PSA test. Dr. Samadi says in these cases, men must be vigilant about reviewing risk factors.
A risk factor is anything that influences the likelihood of contracting a disease , including tumors. The possible risk factors for prostate cancer include:
• Family history: having a father or a brother with a prostate cancer doubles the risk of developing the disease
• Age: risks of developing the disease increases with age
• Genetics: there are several genes whose mutations are associated with prostate cancer
• Ethnicity: prostate cancer is more common in men of Afro-American or Caribbean origin
• Workplace exposure; several occupations, like firefighters, and construction and plant workers are exposed to substances (toxic products) that could increase the risk of disease.
According to Dr. Samadi, men should schedule regular checkups at every age and commit to a healthy lifestyle, which includes watching what you eat and exercising regularly.
Dr. David Samadi is a urology expert, with a primary specialty in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. He is currently the Chairman of Urology at Lenox Hill Hospital and is internationally celebrated for his contributions to robotic minimally invasive surgery.
Dr. Samadi grew up in Rosslyn, NY, after immigrating from Iran, and received his bachelor’s and medical degrees from Stony Brook University.